The Canadian American, James Naismith, who established the basketball game, was celebrated with a Google Doodle on Friday.
In 1891, near the town of Almonte in Ontario, Canada, Naismith invented the sport.
He was born in Ontario, Canada, on November 6, 1861, and Naismith showed an interest in sports and physical education.
It’s just ironic that he passed away on November 28, 1939, the same month that he was born.
When he was a physical education teacher at what is now Springfield College in Massachusetts, he didn’t invent the game in Ontario.
He was interested in college at McGill University, where in 1888 he obtained a bachelor’s degree in physical education, and in which he would also start his work as a teacher of physical education.
Naismith’s profession ultimately led to his move to the United States, where he got a job at the Springfield, Massachusetts, YMCA International Training College.
It was in Massachusetts, according to Google Doodle, where Naismith invented the basketball guidelines in 1891 after he was asked to create an indoor game to keep students occupied during the winter months.
Naismith was in New York, 48 years after creating the very game he was watching, to attend a basketball doubleheader at Madison Square Garden.
His innovation, termed as basketball at the time, involve soccer, football, hockey, and rugby and comprised of two teams of nine.
The game, presented to his students on 21 December, instantly gained popularity, with Naismith publicizing the game’s original regulations a year afterward in a college newspaper, “The Triangle.”
Naismith said it all started when he was a physical education teacher in the winter of 1891.
Naismith told reporters, “We had a true New England blizzard,” “For days, the students can not go outdoor activities, so they started playing rough in the halls.
We attempted everything to calm them down. We attempted to play a customized form of football in the gymnasium, but they lost interest with that. Something must be done.”
Then Naismith made a plan one day. Naismith fixed up two peach baskets at each end of the gym. He called the students
to the gym and divided them into nine-man teams and gave them an old soccer ball and told them the concept was to throw the ball into the peach basket of the opposing team.
Naismith said, “I blew a whistle, and the first game of basketball began,”
There was a major issue, nevertheless. For his new game, Naismith didn’t get enough rules, and he said that’s where he made his huge mistake.
“The boys started tackling, punching and kicking in the clinches, “They ended up in a free-for-all in the midst of the gym floor. Before I could pull them apart, one boy was thrown out, most of them had black eyes, and one had a dislocated shoulder. It probably was murder.”
But to let them play again, the students pestered at Naismith. So he created a few more regulations, that included one he considered the most important one: no ball running.
“That prevented tackling and slugging,” .”We tried out the sport with those rules, and we didn’t have one accident. We had a fine, clean sport”, Naismith stated.
Naismith proceeded to obtain his medical degree and was recruited in 1898 by Kansas. He was the first athletic director at KU and was the first basketball coach at the school (1899-1907).
Nine days after struggling from a serious brain haemorrhage, Naismith passed away in Lawrence, Kansas.
After his demise in 1939, basketball’s popularity only grew, with the sale of the pages on which he wrote the new 13 basketball rules in 1891 marketing just one testament to his lasting legacy for $4.3 million in December 2010.